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Mumps is a fairly contagious viral disease (although not as contagious as chickenpox) and is caused by the myxo virus; it is something that has plagued the human race for centuries.Generally speaking, most cases of mumps are in children aged from 5 to 14 years, although cases in young adults are on the increase. Mumps is rare to be found in infants and babies.But fortunately, with the aid of modern medicine, a mumps vaccine can now be administered - but this only prot...

What You Need To Know About Mumps

What You Need To Know About MumpsMumps is a fairly contagious viral disease (although not as contagious as chickenpox) and is caused by the myxo virus; it is something that has plagued the human race for centuries.Generally speaking, most cases of mumps are in children aged from 5 to 14 years, although cases in young adults are on the increase. Mumps is rare to be found in infants and babies.But fortunately, with the aid of modern medicine, a mumps vaccine can now be administered - but this only protects against mumps. However, it is far more common for the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine to be given; as this immunizes the child against all 3 diseases in one go.Symptoms of mumps:The other most common symptoms of mumps include: headache fever with high temperature loss of appetite swelling and pain in the patotid glands loss of appetite stiff neck drowsiness nausea and vomiting.These symptoms are not usually serious, but mumps can cause some other serious and rare complications. These include arthritis, kidney and pancreas problems, deafness, and inflammation of the thyroid gland, inflammation of the brain (encephalitis) and meningitis. Medical treatment should be obtained immediately if there is any sign of these occurring.It is also noted that serious complications of mumps are more common among adults than amongst younger children.Apart from the well known symptoms of swelling to either or both sides of the cheeks and neck, mumps in adolescent males can sometimes result in the development of orchitis. This is a very painful inflammation of the testicles that can, in some rare cases, result in sterility.Approximately 20-30% of infected people do not have any symptoms of mumps at all, and they are not even aware that they even have the disease.Mumps is transmitted by airborne means or through direct contact with infected droplets or saliva, which are ejected from the body during coughing and sneezing.Mumps being a virus, and like all viral diseases, mumps is not able to be treated with antibiotics. Taking paracetamol and drinking plenty of water are beneficial but avoid acidic fruit juices (lemonade, orange juice etc) as these can increase parotid pain.Normally the infection can simply be left to run its course, while the body's defences fight off the disease. Most people can expect to recover from mumps within 2 to 3 weeks.Once you have had mumps, it is very rare that you can develop the disease again, because of the immunity your body developed while fighting off the initial attack by the disease.Although a number of people are not keen on any form of vaccination for their children it is still the best way to avoid the childhood disease of mumps.

New Antidepressant Treatment Involves Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

New Antidepressant Treatment Involves Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is an experimental antidepression treatment that proved to be more effective than sham therapy in a large scale. A sham therapy, also called placebo therapy, is an inactive treatment or procedure that is intended to mimic as closely as possible a therapy in a clinical trial. Though the experiment has not been approved by the FDA for antidepression treatment, an advisory panel for the agency found TMS to be safe. However, panel members also expressed doubts about the research showing the treatment to be effective.TMS is a noninvasive procedure that requires no anesthesia and administered in an outpatient setting. This antidepression treatment sessions last from 30 to 45 minutes with patients reclining in a special chair while a specially placed coil device creates a magnetic field from outside of the body. This allows magnetic field to induce an electric current to regions of the brain thought to regulate mood.Three hundred one patients with major depression who had failed to respond to antidepressant drugs participated in the experiment and half of them received TMS, which was given five times a week in 35-minute sessions for four to six weeks. The other half received the sham therapy, but neither the patients nor those administering the therapy knew which treatment was being given.According to research report appearing in the December issue of the Biological Psychiatry journal, response and remission rates among patients who got active TMS were roughly twice those of patients who got the sham therapy.While researcher John P. O'Reardon, MD, concedes that response and remission rates were relatively low for both treatment groups, this is because the study included only patients who had proven resistant to previous treatments.Between 14% and 17% of patients on the active treatment had achieved a remission after six weeks, compared with 5% to 8% of patients in the sham treatment group.In a less-resistant population we would expect to see higher responses, said O'Reardon.Although TMS treatments are typically given five times a week, patients usually need a minimum of 10 sessions and as many as 30 to see improvement. Its major advantage is the fact that it is safe, however, the disadvantage is the time-intensity of the treatment.When the FDA advisory panel met in January of this year to consider TMS, officials with the agency questioned the research showing TMS to be a useful antidepression treatment for major depression. However, there are those who are quite convinced with the studies, such as Mayo Clinic professor of Psychiatry and Pharmacology Elliott Richelson, MD, who may not be involved with the studies but said that since the studies involved patients who had not responded to other treatments, I think the responses they got were good. There are still very few centers around the country that offer TMS as antidepression treatment but the approval of FDA could change the trend and the treatment could potentially benefit a wide range of patients, not just those with major depression who have failed other therapies.

How Great Hoodia Gordonii in Losing Weight

How Great Hoodia Gordonii in Losing Weight

Hoodia gordonii is a plant that is being mistaken as cactus. Actually, it is succulent plant which means that they belong to the same family. It is a cactus-like plant that can be seen in Kalahari Desert of South Africa. This plant takes about 5 to 7 years before it reaches its maturity. It has bitter like tastes and it looks like a cucumber. This plant exists for about decades or centuries, it was used by tribesmen. The taste doesnt really matters to them, what really matter is that this plant can suppress their hunger and thirst especially if they need to go for long hunting. Due to the fact that tribesmen used to eat this plant, scientists tested and made some research about this plant. They soon found out that this hoodia gordonii plant has an active molecule that they called p57. This molecule works by telling the brain that you are already full and satisfied even if you havent eaten yet. They came up to this results by testing it to animals, they found out that the animals who ate this plant tend to eat less and decreased weight. So it is really proven that hoodia gordonii can make you lose weight, so to those who are in search for weight loss product, you can take hoodia gordonii which can make you lose weight effectively, safely and naturally.Hoodia gordonii is unlike prescribed medications that can give side effects to users. Hoodia gordonii is known without negative side effects. So if you are afraid in taking prescribed medications, you can take hoodia gordonii. But it is recommended to consult your doctor or herbalist about your plan of taking hoodia gordonii. He/she can help you out and assist you will your quest of losing weight.Actually, hoodia gordonii is the latest trend in terms of dieting; it gains it popularity due to its effectiveness. But because of this popularity, some companies and manufacturers created hoodia products that do not have any hoodia gordonii ingredients that simply mean that some companies made fake hoodia products; they just created so in order to give in the demands of customers and for them to earn lots of profits. Be careful though, since these products can harm your health. So you need to be extra careful in finding the genuine or real hoodia gordonii. If you are in search for genuine hoodia gordonii product, you have to purchase it with reputable and trustworthy company. You need to take time in doing simply research for you to know if the company is reliable enough. If the company can give you lots of important information regarding the product then it is reliable. But still you have to check out the certifications of the hoodia gordonii in order to make sure that it is the real one. Make sure that the certifications are clear enough for you to read and understand.

Coping With Constipation Caused By IBS

Coping With Constipation Caused By IBS

Irritable Bowel Syndrome with constipation is a treatable medical condition. It is characterized by recurring abdominal pain and discomfort, and bloating along with constipation.IBS with constipation is common to a number of people. Getting accurate information on what causes IBS with constipation may help in improving the condition. It is also recommended to seek medical assistance from doctors who specialize in this type of disorder.It is not really clear why some people develop IBS with constipation while others do not. IBS with constipation can be caused by a sensitive, slow working gastro-intestinal tract, which causes abdominal pain, bloating and constipation. This was thought to be due to the way the gastrointestinal tract reacts to the changes in serotonin. Serotonin is a natural occurring chemical in the body that plays an important role in making the gastrointestinal tract function normally.IBS with constipation may also be affected by diet and disease. Most constipation cases are due to insufficient fiber as well as inadequate fluids in the diet. Fibers are important since they help to soften stools, and water or fluids help to flush stools through the body.Diet is partially to be blamed for the occurrence of constipation especially for people over 65 years old. Constipation occurring in people in this age range is due to medications, poor diet, and lack of water intake, as well as poor muscle tone.Teenagers or younger people are also at risk of IBS with constipation; in fact, a great number of young people are suffering from irregular bowel movement. They also experience bloating and abdominal pains. Another factor that contributes to IBS constipation is traveling since most people who are traveling tend to suppress the urge to go to the bathroom. There are also some cases where some people just cant have a bowel movement in bathrooms that are not familiar to them.There is still no specific cure for IBS with constipation however there are proper treatments for the symptoms that goes with it. Bowel habits may also be stabilized to diminish abdominal cramping as well as lessen the pain associated with bowel movements.For symptoms that are transient and only happen occasionally, no special treatment may be needed. However, for those who have persistent and chronic symptoms special treatment may be needed. There is no specific therapy that can resolve all symptoms in patients. However, some treatments may prove to be effective in treating symptoms of IBS with constipation.The first treatment calls for lifestyle changes. This means recognizing and dealing better with stress. Take some time to relax, sleep, and exercise. The diet for IBS entails for eating smaller amounts of food more frequently. This may help in alleviating symptoms of IBS. Eating foods that are low in fat and high in carbohydrates is also beneficial to keeping a healthy intestine.Fiber in diet is also excellent in controlling IBS with constipation. The dietary fibers are known to add bulk to the stool creating stools that are much larger and much softer making bowel movements easier and less painful.Medications are applied for patients that have severe and recurrent symptoms of IBS with constipation. Nevertheless, medications like treatments need to be customized to suit various needs of the patient since different patients tend to respond differently with various medications.Psychotherapy is also applied to some IBS cases since stress sometimes affects bowel movement. Psychotherapy can provide assistance in coping with chronic illness and uncovering emotional triggers that may be present.If you suspect you are suffering with IBS, you should first consult your primary care physician before taking other steps.

Stress and Anxiety 101: What is Anxiety?

It is normal for every person to experience anxiety attacks, especially during stressful situations and traumatic events in life. As health experts say, anxiety is a typical response of person's body that signals possible dangers ahead. However, when anxiety becomes extreme to the point that it prevents a person from living the normal life that he intends to have, that person may possibly be suffering from anxiety disorder.Defining what is anxiety disorderAnxiety disorder is generally a term that covers different types of extreme pathological phobia, fear, and anxiety. A person suffering from an anxiety disorder may experience abnormal feelings of anxiety even without knowing the cause or he may also have intense and sudden panic attacks. The attacks may be in the form of unwanted obsessions or compulsions and uncommon social inhibitions.Even though anxiety disorders have different forms, they are all the same in one thing extreme and persistent worrying or fear. This condition becomes alarming as the intensity and frequency of the said responses can disrupt or undermine an individuals everyday routine and productivity.Below are the three characteristics of anxiety disorders: 1. Consistent, all-consuming, and continuous. 2. Interferes social interactions and activities. 3. Causes emotional withdrawal and isolation.Enumerating the factors leading to anxiety disordersThere are a number of factors that can lead to the development of anxiety disorders. These factors are categorized according to personality, environmental, hereditary, and brain chemistry. 1. Personality According to medical studies, differences in personality can significantly affect the development of anxiety disorder in an individual. It is common in individuals with extreme anxiety condition to view the people and environment around them as threatening. People suffering from anxiety disorders also have inferiority complex, thinking and believing that they are powerless towards other people or situations. 2. Environmental The environment is also a very strong contributing factor in the development of anxiety disorders in individuals. Traumatic situations such as separation of parents; death; weak support system; as well as conflicts with family members and friends can definitely lead to abnormal anxiety condition. 3. Hereditary Studies proved that anxiety disorders are also hereditary. This means that these psychological conditions run in the family. Those who are found to be suffering from anxiety disorders have family members who are also experiencing extreme anxiety conditions or mood disorders. Recent studies also claimed that there are certain generic factors (such as vulnerability to stress) that contribute to a persons susceptibility to anxiety disorders. 4. Brain chemistry The occurrence of imbalances on a human brains neurotransmitters can also lead to the further development of anxiety disorders. As such, the medications commonly given by doctor or health practitioners are meant to readjust the chemical imbalance in the brain. Apart from the four main factors enumerated above, chief life stressors such as marital problems and financial difficulties can also trigger the development of an anxiety disorder. However, it is important to remember that anxiety disorders cannot be triggered by only one cause or factor. The life stressors and the four main contributors to anxiety disorders are oftentimes interrelated.

Food Labels - Don't Believe The Hype

Healthy! Fresh! Light! The first thing that may catch your eye when shopping is a large-print label describing some nutritious feature of a product. Food labels with eye-catching banners and names sell better. Although food labels must conform to federal guidelines and use standard definitions for most terms, they can still be misleading. Understanding what these terms mean on food labels will help you know what you are choosing and how it fits into your diet.Many food labels highlight individual nutrients, and just as no single food determines the healthiness of a diet, no single nutrient makes a food good or bad for you. Look beyond the fancy label and see what other contribution the food makes to your diet.For example, chocolate cookies labeled "Fat Free" may not be your best choice if you are trying to reduce your sugar intake or increase the amount of fiber in your diet. A food labeled "Fresh" may sound appealing, but the term "fresh" doesn't provide any information about the nutrient content of the product or how long it took this food to travel from the farm to the grocery store shelf. Any raw food that has not been frozen, heat processed or otherwise preserved can be labeled fresh. "Healthy" is another attractive byline that applies to more than a single nutrient. It implies that the product is wholesome and nutritious. In fact, to be described as "healthy", a food must be low in fat and saturated fat, contain limited amounts of sodium and cholesterol, and be a good source of one or more important nutrients. While all of the qualities specified by the term "healthy" are part of a healthy diet, foods that fit in this definition are not necessarily the basis for a healthy diet. For instance, many fruit drinks fit the labeling definition of "healthy". They are low in fat, saturated fat, cholesterol and sodium and supply at least 10% of the recommended intake for vitamin C. BUT they are high in added refined sugar and contain few other nutrients.To get the whole picture, you need to look beyond the healthy-sounding labels of the product and read the nutrient content to see how it will fit into YOUR diet.When it comes to food labels - Don't Believe The Hype.To learn more about nutrition and fitness from a community of fitness professionals and enthusiasts, join The Next Level Fitness Solutions networking site at www.thenextlevelfitnesssolutions.ning.com or check out the main site at www.thenextlevelfitnesssolutions.com

Summary

Mumps is a fairly contagious viral disease (although not as contagious as chickenpox) and is caused by the myxo virus; it is something that has plagued the human race for centuries.Generally speaking, most cases of mumps are in children aged from 5 to 14 years, although cases in young adults are on the increase. Mumps is rare to be found in infants and babies.But fortunately, with the aid of modern medicine, a mumps vaccine can now be administered - but this only prot...